40 to 70 feet tall; 40- to 60-foot spread, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, Weeping Cherry Trees and Other Cascading Trees. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Some birches produce multiple trunks and will need to be pruned to a single trunk early in life if desired. The exfoliating bark of the River Birch provides winter interest after the foliage has turned golden yellow and dropped from the tree. Never prune more than 20 percent of the river birch tree branches. Dwarf varieties may grow a bit slower, taking 10 years or so to reach 10 feet. The Heritage River Birch is often chosen for its attractive bark and ability to resist disease. (Episode#49)"How to trim a River Birch Tree" Inspirational Landscaping Videos Orange Safety Arborist 6pt. Vigorous and fast growing, this medium-sized deciduous tree has a large, pyramidal, upright habit. Plant this tree in a location where the soil is shady, moist, and has good drainage. Betula nigra, the black birch, river birch or water birch, is a species of birch native to the Eastern United States from New Hampshire west to southern Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and west to Texas. Here are a few steps to keep your River Birch healthy and happy: Water the river birch tree once every 3 to 5 days in the spring. While some native trees have been known to live 150 years, most of the cultivars are reaching the end of their expected lifespans within 30 to 40 years. This graceful, elegant tree, also known as silver birch, is a familiar and well-loved landscaping tree. A few branches can be removed in summer, if needed, after the trees leaves have reached full size. Use the guidelines below to plant your birch trees to ensure them a long, healthy life. AMES, Iowa – River birch trees, a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden, are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. Adding mulch will help keep the soil cool, which will protect the roots from drying out. Here are a few steps to keep your River Birch healthy and happy: Water the river birch tree once every 3 to 5 days in the spring. There are several reasons for cutting back birch trees: Remove dead, diseased and injured branches for the health of the tree. July 18, 2019, 8:19 am | Richard Jauron, Willy Klein. Yard and Garden: River Birch Tree Care. Do not allow the mulch to touch the trunk of the tree. The average tree spread may be as much as 40 to 60 feet. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! ... May be of use in streetscapes where other Birch trees are less suited. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Pale salmon and reddish-brown at first, it exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark. A beautiful, fast-growing shade tree that thrives from North to South, the Dura Heat® River Birch is one-of-a-kind. They are also much more heat tolerant than other birches and are drought tolerant once they are established. Yard and Garden: River Birch Tree Care. Vigorous and fast growing, this dwarf cultivar forms a dense, deciduous, multi-stemmed tree with a uniform broad-pyramidal to broad-rounded habit. Water your river birch deeply 2 to 3 times per week for the first 3 … River birch trees grow in full sun. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. Branches that grow nearly straight up have weak attachments to the trunk. They are more heat tolerant than most of their birch relatives and prefer full sun. Water the tree slowly and deeply, providing 8 to 18 inches of water over two or three hours with a trickling hose. Betula nigra 'Heritage' is a beautiful river birch prized for its incredible peeling bark. Plant Needs Zone: 4a … They are often planted in clusters of three to create beautiful grouping. Care. If a soil deficiency is found, correct the problem by spreading a granular fertilizer evenly over the tree's entire root zone. The Fox Valley ® river birch is a Chicagoland Grows ® introduction that demonstrates resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). River birch (Betula nigra) is a fast-growing, shade tree native to the Mississippi River flood plain in southeastern Minnesota.It is popular for its ornamental peeling bark. Plants benefit with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods. This is a fast-growing tree that averages about 36 inches of growth per year. The time to make a long lasting effect on the form and … Yard and Garden: River Birch Tree Care. Unfortunately, some birch trees can … If the soil crumbles and refuses to hold the shape, it is time to water the tree. B. nigra commonly occurs in floodplains and swamps. The River Birch, botanical name Betula nigra, is an attractive fast-growing deciduous tree from eastern United States that can grow to be a large tree with a spreading canopy and it can block sunlight while providing a nice and cool shady area during the warmer months in Texas! Some birch will even grow succes… Unfortunately, some birch trees can … River birch trees grow well in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils, making them ideal for many areas with widely varying conditions. Breaking News. The river birch likes moist soil, and should receive between 30 and 40 gallons of water a month, including rainfall. It is a dense, compact tree with glossy green leaves and exfoliating bark. She holds an Associate of Applied Science in accounting, having graduated summa cum laude. River birch is a good choice for the North or Central Florida gardener who wants a fast-growing tree. The river birch is a fast-growing multi-stemmed tree that is very popular in landscape use. Using a trickling hose – water the tree slowly and deeply, over a one to two hour period. The colourful, peeling bark will add interest to a winter landscape. When to Plant Birch Trees. Design Ideas River birch (Betula nigra) is a fast-growing, shade tree native to the Mississippi River flood plain in southeastern Minnesota.It is popular for its ornamental peeling bark. When to Prune a River Birch Tree. Spread a 2- to 4-inch layer of fresh organic mulch around the tree every spring to improve the soil, protect the tree’s shallow roots, reduce competition from weeds and help the soil retain moisture. This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. I will review important information about this beautiful and strong US native tree. River Birch (Betula Nigra) An attractive tree with rich green summer foliage, lovely cinnamon peeling bark, unusual alder like leaves and consistently good autumn colour which adds to the overall appeal. Birch – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing. It will tolerate moderate flooding as well as some drought. Pruning is necessary for young river birch trees and for older ones at selective times to ensure adequate health. The collar is located where the river birch tree branches grow out from the trunk and appears as a bulge. Several Seasons of Color From One Tough Tree Why Dura Heat® River Birch Trees? The soil should have a pH between 5.0 to 6.5 for best results. While a healthy river birch will be fairly trouble-free, you will need to keep an eye out for some common diseases and pests. Here is exactly what you need to know about River Birch trees to put your mind at ease about the potential for property damage: So long as River Birches have ample amounts of water, they should never pose a problem to your underground plumbing or property’s foundation. Next, decide which branches to remove. The river birch grows well in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils. Both are favorite choices for landscaping yards. We have a large river birch in back yard about 30 feet from house. Birch tree borers are tree killers, and you should reduce the risk of attack by cutting after their early summer flying season whenever possible. The river birch is a large deciduous tree, typically growing to 40 to 70 feet tall, but may grow as high as 90 feet. We’ll take care of your yard or commercial property like it’s our own. Submitted by teri on Fri, 07/19/2019 - 08:37 . The white bark peels back to reveal salmon-red inner layers. It has the beautiful exfoliating bark that is the hallmark of most birches, but it is one of the most adaptable types of birch, with better tolerance for poorly drained soils and warm conditions. River birch trees require only a light pruning to remove dead and diseased branches, and to maintain the desired shape. Read on to learn more about our river birch trees for sale. Birches are delicate, and they require special care to thrive in the garden. The River Birch Tree is commonly found near swamps and rivers and flood plains. The species version will not perform well in the southern end of this range, but several cultivars are bred to do well in warmer climates. A good tree for landscaping properties, especially at the edges of ponds and streams or in low areas. Birch Tree Care. July 18, 2019, 8:19 am | Richard Jauron, Willy Klein. July 18, 2019, 8:19 am | Richard Jauron, Willy Klein. A fast-growing shade tree, river birch (_Betula nigra_) is the most widely adapted of the birch trees. The river birch is a large deciduous tree, typically growing to 40 to 70 feet tall, but may grow as high as 90 feet. Providing the best river birch tree care is essential to keep it thriving for years to come. They form at different times; the male catkins form in fall and bloom in the spring, when the female catkins appear. These trees can adapt to just about any soil and can even tolerate wet soil. The time to make a long lasting effect on the form and structure of the plant is when the tree … The river birch likes moist soil, and should receive between 30 and 40 gallons of water a month, including rainfall. The river birch tree, whose scientific name is Betula nigra, grows freely along streams and rivers in most areas of the United States. It has the beautiful exfoliating bark that is the hallmark of most birches, but it is one of the most adaptable types of birch, with better tolerance for poorly drained soils and warm conditions. Spread a 2- to 4-inch layer of fresh organic mulch around the tree every spring to improve the soil, protect the tree’s shallow roots, reduce competition from weeds and help the soil retain moisture. The medium-to-dark green leaves are 1 to 3 inches long, oval-shaped with serrated edges, and are white on the underside. Iron chlorosis may affect the tree if it is not within this range. It has distinctive bark that peels in large flat strips to reveal colors from cream to reddish-brown. It is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture **plant hardiness zones 4 through 9a**. The river birch likes moist soil and should receive between 30 and 40 gallons of water a month, rainfall included. The ideal spot is the north or east side of a building, where the tree will receive full sun in the morning and some shade during the afternoon. The salmon-red peeling bark will provide color throughout all of the seasons. River birches can grow to 80 feet tall, but are most commonly between 40 and 50 feet tall. They have a growth rate of up to 1-2 feet per year. On this occasion we will not dedicate the article to talk in general about birch tree, but we will focus on specifically covering two of the most popular varieties, the River Birch and the Silver Birch. AMES, Iowa – River birch trees, a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden, are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. Birch is a deciduous tree that reaches between 10 and 30 meters high, it is generally grown as an ornamental species for parks and gardens. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. Plant Needs Zone: 4a-9a Light: Full to partial sun Any suggestions on how to top it without ma… River Birch Betula nigra. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Close-up of a river birch tree image by ryasick from, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Betula Nigra ‘Heritage’ 'Heritage' River Birch, Unites States Department of Agriculture: How to Grow and Maintain a Healthy Birch Tree, North Carolina State University: A Gardener's Guide to Fertilizing Trees and Shrubs, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach: How to Change Your Soil's pH. The river birch is a multi-stemmed tree with a rounded compact form and semi-arching branches. Birch trees are susceptible to borers as well as other insects and tree diseases. How to Prune a Birch Tree. This short-lived birch provides protection against soil erosion in these wet areas of the landscape. Noteworthy Characteristics. These trees prefer relatively cool climates in zones 4 to 9. Care. This birch will grow one foot per year until it reaches a height of 20 feet at maturity. Having a river birch in your yard will provide you with an a River birches are not particularly long-lived trees, however. Keep your birch trees as healthy as possible through regular monitoring, pruning, watering and using birch tree fertilizer. Locate the collar on each branch of your river birch trees before pruning. This tree is an excellent tree for all seasons; the fall and winter interest is spectacular. After pollination, clusters of small, brown winged fruit form in the spring. Perfect for gardeners with smaller gardens that still want to enjoy the peeling bark of the River Birch Tree. River birch trees can be grown direct from seed or planted as saplings. River Birch Tree Care. Also remove branches that grow straight up from the trunk, as these have a weak attachment. River birch trees require only a light pruning to remove dead and diseased branches, and to maintain the desired shape. As its name suggests, the river birch naturally grows along riverbanks. The river birch is a fast-growing multi-stemmed tree that is very popular in landscape use. If your soil test shows a more acidic soil, you can raise the pH by spreading wood ash over the soil. July 18, 2019, 8:19 am | Richard Jauron, Willy Klein. Extend the mulch for a minimum 3-foot radius around young trees and a 6-foot radius around mature trees. They also tolerate drought and moderate flooding, but it is best to avoid very alkaline soil when considering river … This is a fast-growing tree that averages about 36 inches of growth per year. River birch is drought sensitive and does not like hot, dry summers. In USDA zones 8b and 9a, river birch needs regular irrigation to survive the heat. If a problem does occur, contact your local garden center or extension office for help identifying and treating the issue. Avoid early spring pruning while the tree's sap is running. This tree is native to swamplands and floodplains surrounding rivers and bogs, and it will grow best in locations that are similar to that natural habitat. You will learn all about the river birch including its description, care, and facts about the river birch tree. Using a trickling hose – water the tree slowly and deeply, over a one to two hour period. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. The average tree spread may be as much as 40 to 60 feet. The river birch is very insect and disease resistant, and likely will not develop health problems with proper care. Water the tree less in the fall and during winter dormancy. And late spring and early summer are when bronze birch borers are out in full force and may take advantage of fresh pruning wounds. Transplant a birch sapling in the early summer, so its roots can sink well into the soil before the first frost. River Birch Tree; Tool Rack; Camellia japonica ‘Bob Hope’ Care Plant Varieties & Pruning … The 10 Best Drought Tolerant Plants that Grow in Lack of Wat… Sap runs profusely in river birch trees during the winter and early spring. Water the river birch tree once a week in the spring and summer when the weather is dry. A few branches can be removed in summer, if needed, after the trees leaves have reached full size. Feed your river birch tree with a slow-release fertilizer early in the spring only if a soil test indicates a deficiency. The birch tree grows easily in the right conditions, and is highly resistant to disease, making it a desirable tree for gardens and yards. It can be found throughout the Midwest, including in Southern Minnesota. If you grow it in as lawn tree, be prepared to water very frequently to give it the moisture it needs. AMES, Iowa – River birch trees, a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden, are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. Writing professionally since 2008, Michelle Miley specializes in home and garden topics but frequently pens career, style and marketing pieces. If you have water on your property, consider lining it with river birch trees. The river birch tree, whose scientific name is Betula nigra, grows freely along streams and rivers in most areas of the United States. River birch typically reaches about 35 feet in height, with a network of fine branches making up a narrow to oval-shaped crown. The species is valued for its relatively rapid growth, tolerance of wetness and some drought, unique curling bark, spreading limbs, and relative resistance to birch borer. Branches that rub together offer entry points for insects and disease, so remove one of them. Heritage® river birch. Problems are most likely to occur with trees growing in less than ideal circumstances. The river birch is naturally found in floodplains making it well adapted to harsh urban settings. It likes moist soil and has evolved to survive flooding, so care must be taken to ensure that it receives adequate water, especially in warm climates. The Heritage River Birch is often chosen for its attractive bark and ability to resist disease. If you don’t, planting a river birch tree or two in your yard will make for an attractive specimen and shade tree. Fertilizer is only needed if the tree shows signs of distress. Water the tree less in the fall and during winter dormancy. You can easily prune your river birch tree during the proper time with sufficient tools and the correct trimming method. Long catkins (the bundle of seeds) full of tiny flowers hang from the tree … Salmon-cream to brownish at first, it exfoliates to reveal a creamy-white inner bark that can almost rival with the European white birches. Birch trees (Betula spp.) Its leaves turn yellow in the fall before they drop. Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. For gardeners who are thinking of planting a birch tree, some thought should go into the selection and planting process, while gardeners with existing birches can take steps to keep them healthier. Leave at least 75 percent of the tree intact when pruning. A dwarf Variety that will only reach heights of 10 feet. River Birch Tree Care. are a popular choice for the home landscaper. Their distinctive bark and beautiful leaves make them prized shade and ornamental trees. And then there's the river birch with its brown feathery bark. This short-lived birch provides protection against soil erosion in these wet areas of the landscape. The river birch tree (Betula nigra) is a moderate to fast-growing deciduous tree that thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. River birch is best pruned after August 1. There are several steps in pruning a birch tree. However, they do demand a little care and attention. Compact, Betula nigra 'Little King' or Fox Valley River Birch, is a particularly handsome river birch prized for its attractive peeling bark. A preventive insect control program is recommended to reduce problems. They are more heat tolerant than most of their birch relatives and prefer full sun. Planting River birch is well suited to areas that may be wet in spring and dry late in the season (consider its natural habitat that gets flooded in spring and often quite dry by fall). Gardeners can periodically add mycorrhizal fungi and compost to the soil to keep it rich and promote even growth. Ratchet Helmet cheaper on Amazon. Prune your tree if needed during the early portion of its winter dormancy. Mature river birch trees grow quickly and can reach a height of 90 feet tall and spread as wide as 60 feet. This is a low-maintenance tree that is highly resistant to the diseases and pests found in other birch varieties. 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